KUALA LUMPUR, March 19 ― Crude palm oil (CPO) prices are anticipated to pull back to the RM3,800 to RM4,000 per tonne trading range in April 2024 from the current level of RM4,250 per tonne, said the Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC).

 This is due to the ample supply of soya beans from South America entering the global market from April onwards, as well as the gradual seasonal recovery of palm oil production in Malaysia, it said.

"As the low season for palm oil production concludes in March, palm oil prices may begin to reflect the recovery in production and inventory levels in April and May, potentially capping palm oil prices.

"Additionally, the price premium of palm oil over soft oils continued to widen in March and have surpassed the prices of three major soft oils concurrently since February in the European market,” it said in a statement today.

According to MPOC, CPO prices are trading at a premium of US$40 (RM189.17) to US$95 per tonne above soft oils in March 2024, therefore, a recovery in soft oil prices is anticipated in April 2024 to narrow the price spread.

"CPO prices surged to their highest level in 12 months on March 15, 2024, nearly 10 per cent above the February 2023 closing price.

"The strong price trends observed in the first quarter of 2024 are predominantly shaped by the dynamics of deficit supply growth,” it said.

Moving forward in 2024, MPOC said the global palm oil production is projected to rise minimally by 0.11 per cent, whereas production growth for soya bean oil is expected to increase by 2.88 per cent, rapeseed oil to grow by 3.48 per cent, and sunflower oil to expand by 3.94 per cent.

In terms of inventory, it said Malaysian palm oil stocks continued their downward trend in February 2024, dropping by five per cent to 1.919 million tonnes, marking the lowest level of stock registered since July 2023.

"The reduction in palm oil inventory in February was primarily driven by reduced imports and robust domestic consumption,” it said.

MPOC said it is unlikely that Malaysia's palm oil stocks will experience any growth in March due to robust domestic consumption, particularly during the Ramadan month, while production is not expected to increase until April and beyond. ― Bernama


Sumber : Malay Mail

KUALA LUMPUR: Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC) expects a decline in crude palm oil (CPO) prices in April, ranging between RM3,800 and RM4,000 per tonne, from the current RM4,250, due to increased soybean supply from South America and the gradual rise in palm oil production within Malaysia.

"Palm oil prices were trading at a premium of US$40 to US$95 per tonne above soft oils in March.Therefore, a recovery in soft oil prices is anticipated in April to narrow the price spread," said MPOC in a note today.

CPO prices surged to a 12-month high on March 15, climbing nearly 10 per cent above the February closing price.

MPOC attributes this strong price trend in the first quarter of 2024 to the deficit supply growth dynamic.

In February 2024, Malaysian palm oil stocks continued their downward trend, dropping by 5.0 per cent to 1.92 million tonnes, marking their lowest level since July 2023, primarily driven by reduced imports and robust domestic consumption.

MPOC reported a staggering 70 per cent year-on-year decrease in Malaysian palm oil imports in the first two months of 2024, plummeting to 0.062 million tonnes, which only accounted for 6.90 per cent of total imports in 2023. 

Historically, Malaysian palm oil inventory heavily relied on imports for buildup. Hence, closely monitoring upcoming import figures is deemed crucial to gauge palm oil stock levels in Malaysia.

Strong domestic consumption also contributed to the decline in stocks, with January and February 2024 witnessing an 11.30 per cent growth compared to the same period in 2023. 

MPOC said Malaysia's palm oil stocks will not see any growth in March, particularly during the Ramadan month and production is not expected to increase until April and beyond.

As the low season for palm oil production concludes in March, it sees that palm oil prices may begin to reflect the recovery in production and inventory levels in April and May, potentially capping palm oil prices.

Moreover, the price premium of palm oil over soft oils widened in March, surpassing the prices of three major soft oils concurrently since February in the European market.

Furthermore, the recent announcement by the Indonesian Palm Oil Association regarding Indonesia's palm oil inventory of 3.14 million tonnes as of December 2023 further indicated tight palm oil supply. 

MPOC predicts that the combined palm oil stocks of Malaysia and Indonesia will be less than 5 million tonnes in February 2024.

In 2024, global palm oil production is expected to rise minimally by 0.11 per cent, while production growth for soybean oil, rapeseed oil and sunflower oil is projected to increase by 2.88 per cent, 3.48 per cent and 3.94 per cent respectively.


Sumber : New Straits Times

A World Trade Organization (WTO) panel ruled earlier this month on a complaint brought by Malaysia against the European Union over the bloc's plans to phase out the import of palm oil as biofuel because of environmental concerns.

Malaysia, the world's second largest producer of palm oil after Indonesia, brought a case to the WTO in early 2021 against the EU, France and Lithuania.

The Southeast Asian country contested that the EU had violated international trade rules in its policy to phase-out the import of palm oil as a biofuel due to deforestation and emissions risks under the EU's second Renewable Energy Directive (RED II).

Indonesia also filed a case with the WTO but asked for it to be suspended a day before the result of Malaysia's case was announced.

What was the WTO decision based on?

The three-person panel voted by two-to-one in favor of the EU's ability make rules against imports of crop-based fuels for environmental reasons.

However, it also said that the EU was at fault for how it had prepared and published its policy, which amounted to "arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination" against Malaysia.

Much of this revolved around how the EU defined its assessment of emissions, along with indirect land use change (ILUC), which measures the impact of diverting agricultural land previously designed for food production to biofuel production,

The WTO panel found the EU's study on the ILUC risk of palm oil, using data from 2008 and 2016, was potentially outdated.

It also said an arbitrary choice was made to assess emissions from palm oil production over a 10-year period, when palm trees usually survive for up to 30 years.

"There are deficiencies in the design and implementation of the low ILUC-risk criteria," the WTO panel noted in a 348-page report published on March 5.

EU relations with Malaysia, Indonesia at risk

One dissenting panelist also offered greater support to Malaysia's appeal that the EU policy is protectionist, since it is accused of singling out palm oil while overlooking the environmental impact of biofuels produced within Europe, such as rapeseed.

Chris Humphrey, executive director of the EU-ASEAN Business Council, said that the WTO ruling will be "viewed by both the EU and Malaysia as a victory given the mixed outcome."

"While we await the delayed WTO ruling on Indonesia's complaint on palm oil, it is clear that dialogue between the EU and these key ASEAN partners is the only way forward in dealing with the concerns that both Indonesia and Malaysia have," he added.

The EU Directorate-General for Trade said in a statement that the bloc "intends to take the necessary steps to adjust the Delegated Act."

The European Commission did not respond to requests for comment.

Daniel Caspaty, an MEP and chair of the European Parliament's committee on relations with ASEAN states, told DW that the WTO panel's findings "marks a significant moment in the debate on trade policy and environmental protection."

"This decision will undoubtedly have implications for the EU's relations with Indonesia and Malaysia, particularly concerning the palm oil dispute," he added. 

Caspaty said Europe must urgently find a resolution, as well as with other conflicts such as discussions surrounding nickel.

Reactions to WTO verdict

Malaysia's government responded to the WTO verdict as though it had emerged victorious.

Abdul Ghani, Malaysia's minister of plantation and commodities, called it a "vindication" of Kuala Lumpur's "pursuit of justice" for its palm oil sector.

Speaking to local media, he argued that the WTO ruling "clearly finds fault with the EU's rules on indirect land use change to ban palm oil biofuels," adding that it "also finds fault with the EU's approach to notifying and consulting with other economies when introducing new trade measures."

Indonesian policymakers, meanwhile, will take "cold comfort from headlines celebrating the ruling about discrimination," said Jakarta-based analyst Kevin O'Rourke from the consultancy Reformasi Information Services.

It remains to be seen whether Indonesia's president-elect, Prabowo Subianto, will alter Jakarta's stance around this issue when he enters office later this year.

Humphrey from the EU-ASEAN Business Council said he now hopes "the ruling draws a line under the dispute," and that the EU, Malaysia and Indonesia can now focus on working out their differences through the ad-hoc joint task force setup last year.

The task force last met in February and is expected to reconvene for more talks in September in Brussels.

EU should set 'realistic' standards for other countries

The EU is nearing the end of free-trade talks with Indonesia and has been in talks with Malaysia about restarting negotiations for a bilateral free-trade pact.

However, Brussels has recently come under attack from more third parties over how it classifies its rules related to deforestation.

For Jakarta-based analyst O'Rourke, greater clarity can benefit Indonesia and Malaysia.

"Unlike some of their competitors, the two nations are able to achieve compliance in many instances and that will constitute a form of competitive advantage over the long term. And, of course, without such rules, climate change will imperil these as well as all other countries," he said. 

This is likely to require the EU to alter how it approaches trade with partners.

Frederick Kliem, a research fellow and lecturer at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore, said Brussels currently applies "a very detailed, highly bureaucratic approach to such matters."

"This is OK internally, where the EU is well understood, appreciated and policies are well communicated. This is, however, not the same for third parties," he added.

"If the EU does not moderate its high standards and make them more realistic for third parties to achieve, I fear it will be very difficult to achieve further free trade agreements."


Sumber : Nature and Environment Malaysia

KUALA LUMPUR, March 12 (Reuters) - Malaysian palm oil futures were largely unchanged on Tuesday as strength in Dalian edible oils wasoffset by a firmer ringgit and weak Chinese demand.

The benchmark palm oil contract FCPOc3 for May delivery on the Bursa Malaysia Derivatives Exchange closed up 2 ringgit, or 0.05%, to 4,133 ringgit ($884.06).

The contract was seen trading higher on supportive February output data in Malaysia as well as bullish momentum from Dalian vegetable oils futures, said Anilkumar Bagani, research head of Mumbai-based vegetable oils broker Sunvin Group.

"However, the stronger Malaysian ringgit and the absence of buying from key buyer China has capped the pace of the upside momentum in palm oil," Bagani said.

Dalian's most-active soyoil contract DBYcv1 rose 0.92%, while its palm oil contract DCPcv1 gained 1.08%. Soyoil prices on the Chicago Board of Trade BOcv1 were down 0.58%.

Palm oil is affected by price movements in related oils as they compete for a share in the global vegetable oils market.

Malaysia's palm oil stocks at the end of February dwindled to their lowest levels in seven months as production hit a 10-month low, offsetting the slowdown in exports.

Inventories at the end of February fell 5% from January to 1.92 million metric tons, crude palm oil production declined 10.18% to 1.26 million tons, while exports plunged 24.75%, data from industry regulator the Malaysian Palm Oil Board showed.

The Malaysian ringgit MYR=, palm's currency of trade, rose 0.13% against the dollar, making the commodity more expensive for buyers holding the foreign currency.

Exports of Malaysian palm oil products for March 1-10 rose 6.8% from the same period a month ago, cargo surveyor Intertek Testing Services said.

Another cargo surveyor, AmSpec Agri Malaysia, said exports during the same period rose 6.2% from a month ago.

($1 = 4.6750 ringgit)


Sumber : Nasdaq

Our palm oil is poised to remain a key contributor to the nation's economy this year.

We anticipate an increase in export revenue from palm oil and palm-based products.

The rise in revenue is expected due to higher demand from our primary importers, notably

China and India, as well as improved prices of crude palm oil (CPO).

India and China together made up 28.5 per cent of Malaysia's export of palm oil for 2023 and we anticipate this trend to continue this year.

India maintained its position as Malaysia's largest palm oil export market last year for the 10th consecutive year since 2014, with 2.84 million tonnes or 18.8 per cent of Malaysia's total palm oil exports followed by China at 1.47 million tonnes (9.7 per cent). 

Other significant importers were the European Union1.07 million tonnes (7.1 per cent), Kenya 0.92 million tonnes (6.1 per cent), Turkiye 0.88 million tonnes (5.8 per cent), Japan 0.55 million tonnes (3.6 per cent) and Pakistan 0.50 million tonnes (3.3 per cent).

These seven main markets contributed 8.23 million tonnes or 54.4 per cent of Malaysia's total palm oil exports in 2023.

Malaysia exported 24.49 million tonnes of palm oil and palm-based products and generated an income of RM94.95 billion for 2023. In 2024, export revenue of palm oil and palm-based products is expected at RM110 billion. 

Similarly, palm oil exports may increase by 3.3 per centto 15.6 million tonnes for 2024, as opposed to 15.1 million tonnes for 2023 attributed to expected higher export demand, especially from China.

Besides, the B35 implementation (35 per cent palm oil blend in biodiesel)in Indonesia and the high crude oil price are expected to increase export demand for Malaysian palm oil.

 On the other hand, we foresee the price of CPO to average higher at between RM3,900 per tonne and RM4,200 per tonne this year compared to the RM3,809.50 per tonne which will support our income from palm oil exports.

The expected higher average price of CPO may be mainly due to the tight palm oil supply as a result of unfavourable weather conditions which are expected to remain at least until April 2024. Malaysia's palm oil stocks, expected to be below two million tonnes this year will also support the price of CPO.

We foresee production of palm oil to be higher this year due to improving labour condition in the plantations which will be another contributor to the export income. We are now recording better production of CPO although the numbers are still below the actual production potential level.

In 2023, CPO production recorded an increase for the second year in a row to 18.55 million tonnes compared to 18.45 million tonnes in 2022 and 18.12 million tonnes in 2021.

The higher CPO production of 0.5 per cent in 2023 was partly contributed by the improved estate's yield performance of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) during the year, up by 1.9 per cent to 15.79 tonnes per hectare compared to 15.49 tonnes per hectare in the previous year. 

In 2024, CPO production is expected to increase marginally by 1.1 per cent to 18.75 million tonnes from 2023's production due to an improvement in the labour situation and increased fertiliser application.

However, CPO production is expected to remain below potential due to the El Nino event, which is expected to affect FFB production in the second half of this year.

To expand our export market, MPOB has successfullyproduced high value palm-based products in the market, especially red palm oil, which is rich in various natural health-promoting antioxidants including vitamin E, carotene, phytosterols, squalene and coenzyme Q10.MPOB has developed and introduced value-added products utilising red palm oil, including cookies, ice cream, and various other products. 

MPOB's research in the food and nutrition field has expanded the range of palm oil applications, leading to the development of new products that enhance export diversification. These include palm-based coconut milk and palm-based cheese. 

Our research efforts have resulted in the successful development of tocotrienol and nano-tocotrienol from palm oil, which are known for their health benefits. These products have garnered significant demand from our export markets, reflecting their positive reception among consumers.


Sumber : New Straits Times